Task 1 (Graph) - The table below shows the population of three cities in 1990, the population forecast of 2000 and the actual of 2000. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparison where relevant.


Actual population in 1990

Predicted population for 2000

( made in 1990)

Actual population in 2000

Sao Paulo

15 million

24 million

18 million


9.5 million

14 million

17.5 million


13.5 million

17 million

12.5 million

The data given in the table depicts the change in population in three cities from 1990 to 2000 in comparison with the predicted population for 2000.

In general, the population of Sao Paulo and Jakarta showed an increasing trend and that of Shanghai declined. The actual population figures significantly differed from that of the predicted figures.

Sao Paulo had the highest population in 1990 and it was 15 million.  The population of this city was predicted to exponentially rise to 24 million in 2000, but the actual population showed only a marginal rise to 18 million in the same year. Likewise, Jakarta's population was estimated to reach 14 million in 2000 from the actual rate of 9.5 million in 1990. Even though the figures inclined in 2000, it was much higher than the predicted figure and was 3.5 million more than the projection.

On the other hand, the number of people in Shanghai showed a slight drop from 13.5 million in 1990 to 12.5 million in 2000 and this was in contradiction to the predicted rise to 17 million for 2000.