IELTS Task 2 Sample Answer 34 - More and more wild animals are on the verge of extinction and others are on the endangered list. What are the reasons for this? What can be done to solve this problem?

Human activities have brought about a lot of devastating impact on the environment. One such damage is on the wildlife wherein a lot of animals are on the brink of extinction and many others are endangered. There are many factors leading to this phenomenon, but this situation can be dealt with by taking up certain initiatives.

One of the significant factors leading to wildlife endangerment is deforestation. With the increase in population, there is a high demand for land and wood. In order to meet these needs, the forest lands are cleared to make it suitable for various activities like agriculture, timber extraction, construction and so on. This  would lead to the destruction of the natural habitat of many creatures leading to endangerment and ultimately extinction of  many species. Apart from this, poaching is another activity which puts the life of many wild animals at risk. A number of animals are killed illegally  for various purposes like skin, fur, horns, medicinal usage and so on which are of high value in the market. This illegal wildlife trade also threatens the existence  of many species putting them at the risk of extinction.

This alarming issue needs to be addressed immediately by adopting certain measures. As a measure to control deforestation, the government should create an awareness regarding the protection of wildlife and build wildlife reserves to prohibit human activities in such regions. This would aid to safeguard the natural habitat of many animals and protect them from endangerment. In addition to this, there is also a need to stop poaching activities by taking stringent actions against  those hunting animals illegally and a complete ban on wildlife trade can also help to discourage hunting which would help to protect the animal species from extinction.

To conclude, the number of species which are at the risk of extinction is on the rise. If this issue is not addressed immediately, it would affect the survival of many unique species.


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